Number and Size of Finland´s Protected Areas Managed by Metsähallitus

The table shows the size and number of statutory nature reserves, wilderness areas, national hiking areas, recreational forests and areas reserved for conservation by Government decision. All areas are on state-owned lands and waters and managed by Metsähallitus, Parks & Wildlife Finland.

January 1, 2022

Area typeNumber of areasSize of areas (sq. km)
National parks4110,144
Strict nature reserves191,542
Mire reserves1644,807
Herb-rich forest reserves4511
Old-growth forest reserves7584
Seal reserves7188
Other state-owned nature reserves4693,825
Privately-owned nature reserves153101
Protected areas established by Metsähallitus63
STATUTORY NATURE RESERVES (total)1,20820,705
Areas reserved for protection in nature conservation programmes1,2854,831
Protected forests339551
Other protected sites1,2863,023
Wilderness areas1214,891
National hiking areas5243
Other recreational areas6914
Other areas3895
Other areas together2,97124,548
ALL AREAS4,17945,253

The statutory nature reserves comprise of 18,293 km² land (88,6 %) and 2,411 km² (11,4 %) of waters.