International cooperation for the benefit of forests, nature and sustainable tourism
Metsähallitus participates actively in international cooperation. This allows us to exert influence on our field’s development across a broader front than merely in the Finnish context and obtain valuable information from other countries on good practices and trends which also affect Metsähallitus’ operating environment.
In international activities, we represent either ourselves or the Finnish government. Metsähallitus Parks & Wildlife Finland, in particular, represents the Finnish environmental administration in cooperation between states and international organisations.
As an expert organisation, we support and meet Finland’s international commitments, including the Conven-tion on Biological Diversity, which Finland fulfils as set out in its national strategy and action plan. At the global level, we are committed to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (2030 Agenda) and the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. Our activities are also guided by the Finnish government’s international commitments, including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), as well as UNFF’s Forest Principle
International cooperation in different forums
Metsähallitus is a founding member of Eustafor, an umbrella organisation for commercially-oriented state forest organisations committed to sustainable forest management. Eustafor promotes sustainable forestry and serves as a forum for cooperation and exchange of information. The organisation also addresses energy issues, tourism and recreation, fishing and hunting, and nature conservation. Additionally, Eustafor monitors EU affairs and is a forum for participating in the preparation of forest issues in the EU.
We are a stakeholder in the international PEFC forest certification system, serve as both a member and a board member in PEFC Finland, and belong to a PEFC development taskforce. The taskforce is closely involved in PEFC’s strategy reforms and standard updates. We have also participated as an expert organisation in developing the national standard underlying the FSC forest certification system, especially with regard to special issues related to Lapland.
Additionally, we have bilateral cooperation arrangements with forest management organisations in several European countries. For example, we work together with RMK in Estonia to develop the Finnish-Estonian network of hiking areas and improve its visibility.
International cooperation also helps us improve our own activities, for example through peer reviews and long-term cooperation agreements, including with Hunan in China and South Korea.
We participate in the preparation of international and EU forest issues at home and are involved in the inter-national forest policy cooperation network led by the Finnish Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Additionally, we are closely involved in Arctic cooperation, which takes place through the EU’s Arctic Cooperation, membership in the Arctic Council, the Barents Euro-Arctic cooperation and other collaboration focusing on the Arctic region.
We encourage our personnel to apply for international positions. Our experts frequently attend international events as speakers and visitors. In turn, we host international groups’ visits and excursions, for example to Science Centre Pilke in Rovaniemi and the Finnish Nature Centre Haltia.
We offer international internships to promote networking.
International conservation work
Two Metsähallitus units, Parks & Wildlife Finland and Wildlife Service Finland, handle public administration tasks. They collaborate actively with their counterparts in different countries and international organisations. Parks & Wildlife Finland performs some of these tasks as a representative of the Finnish environmental administration.
The European Association for Protected Areas (EUROPARC), which represents approximately 400 protected areas in 40 European countries, is a particularly important cooperation forum for Parks & Wildlife Finland. Parks & Wildlife Finland also works actively in the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and its expert commissions, especially the World Commission on Protected Areas and Finland’s IUCN Commit-tee.
Metsähallitus is a member of the International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation (CIC). The CIC is an independent global advisory body, the aim of which is to promote the protection of wildlife populations and enable sustainable hunting. Metsähallitus Wildlife Service Finland serves as the secretariat of the Finnish Advisory Board.
Wildlife Estates, a programme coordinated by the European Landowners’ Organization (ELO), has been recognised by the EU Commissioner for the Environment. In Finland, the Wildlife Estates project is coordinated by a national delegation, in which Metsähallitus is a member.
Major joint projects for nature
Almost all international conservation activities in which Metsähallitus Parks & Wildlife Finland participates are carried out as projects with the support of dedicated funding.
The projects involve co-management of sites, monitoring of species using uniform methods, agreements up-on sustainable fishing arrangements, and building and restoring hiking infrastructure, cultural heritage sites and fish passes. The projects also develop communication and marketing with local actors, helping tourists find destinations and, once there, information and services.
Metsähallitus Forestry Ltd is a partner in several EU LIFE and Interreg projects, in which it focuses on biodiversity and environmental issues in forestry. For example, water protection in forestry has benefited from international cooperation as good practices and tools have been exchanged between partners.
Regional transboundary cooperation for nature
Metsähallitus Parks & Wildlife Finland’s regional transboundary cooperation is partly carried out between states (incl. Russia, the Nordic Council of Ministers) or ministries (Estonia), and partly under cooperation agreements (Latvia). Such operating models as the twinning of national parks located close to state borders are used in regional transboundary cooperation.
Certain park twinning projects, including Oulanka–Paanajärvi (between Finland and Russia) and Inari–Pasvik (Finland, Norway and Russia) have been certified by the Federation of Nature and National Parks of Europe (EUROPARC). Some Finnish national parks (Syöte, Pallas–Ylläs) have also been awarded the European Charter for Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas by EUROPARC.
The Green Belt of Fennoscandia is a chain of existing and planned protected areas in the border regions of Finland, Norway and Russia. The Green Belt cooperation is carried out as part of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity. Its objective is to turn the Green Belt of Fennoscandia into a model of transboundary nature conservation cooperation and to spread awareness of the Green Belt both nationally and internationally. The Green Belt of Fennoscandia is the northernmost part of the European Green Belt.
Finland’s regional transboundary cooperation on conservation:
- the Green Belt of Fennoscandia
- park twinning cooperation between protected areas on the Finno-Russian border
- promoting the management of protected areas in Northwest Russia
- participation in the Finnish-Russian Working Group on Nature Conservation
- participation in the Finnish-Estonian Working Group on Nature Conservation
- joint World Heritage Sites of Kvarken Archipelago in Finland and the High Coast in Sweden
- participation in North Calotte conservation cooperation between Finland, Sweden, Norway and Rus-sia
- cooperation agreements with the Estonian Environmental Board (Keskkonnaamet), the Estonian State Forest Management Centre (RMK) and the Latvian Nature Conservation Agency (Dabas aizsardzības pārvalde).
- implementation of the RAMSAR Convention on Wetlands of International Importance in the Nordic and Baltic countries
- coordination of willow grouse counts in Fell Lapland