Harvesting and Delivery
In state-owned commercial forests, the timber harvesting and transportation are carried out by private contractors operating forest machines and timber trucks. Metsähallitus contracts about 300 forestry companies that employ more than a thousand people. Our timber is transported by some 50 haulage contractors with 200 timber trucks.
Nationwide, about two thirds of Metsähallitus timber is transported by truck to the mill. Rail transport represents about 30 percent and rafting a few percent.
The journey of wood from the forest to the mills is controlled using sophisticated information systems that have to work at the office as well as on harvesters and timber trucks.
Harvesting instructions are sent to the harvester’s on-board computer, and the operator gets all the important information about the site: location, stand data, environmental guidelines as well as dimensional and quality requirements.
Information on completed fellings is automatically transferred from the harvester to the enterprise resource planning (ERP) system which the transportation supervisors use to prepare haulage instructions for timber trucks. The instructions tell the driver which landing to pick up the timber from, what to load on, where to deliver it and when it needs to be with the customer.
The data on delivered timber volumes is returned from trucks or grading stations to the ERP system, which makes it possible to monitor how well delivery targets have been achieved.
The quality of both timber harvesting and deliveries is monitored regularly. The monitoring of harvesting quality focuses on the work quality of harvester contractors. In the quality control of deliveries, the scaling performed by the buyer is compared with a control measurement by Metsähallitus.