The Finnish state owns approximately one-third of Finland’s forests. The majority (90%) of state-owned forests are located in Eastern and Northern Finland. Of the land areas managed by Metsähallitus, forest land in commercial forests accounts for almost 40%.
On average, state lands are more barren than those of other forest owners. The state also has more low-productivity forests, i.e. scrub and waste land, where no timber is harvested.
Most of the commercial forests producing timber are young thinning stands, providing pulpwood for pulp and paper mills as well as energy wood for thermal power plants. The next largest category is seedling stands, followed by advanced thinning stands that produce logs for sawmills.
Finnish forests are dominated by coniferous tree species. Two-thirds of state forests are pure pine stands, one-fifth mixed pine stands, with smaller proportions of spruce and birch stands.