Forestry and the Environment
Besides commercial wood supply, ecological values are secured through excellent environmental management. In forestry, environmental management forms a chain that starts from guidance and training based on research, continues with planning and implementation, and ends with the monitoring of the direct environmental impacts of measures.
In 2012, Metsähallitus introduced a revised version of its environmental guide for forestry, produced in cooperation with an extensive team of experts. In addition to Metsähallitus’ in-house professionals, leading scientists in the field and the WWF contributed to the preparation of the guide. The main idea in the guide is to secure diverse ecosystem services in all forest management measures.
Metsähallitus has an environmental management system certified to ISO 14001, on the basis of which environmental goals and targets are confirmed annually.
The goals for 2017 are:
- functionality of ecosystem services.
In forestry, biodiversity is promoted by paying attention to the environmental risks of energy wood harvesting, increasing ecological management measures, and improving water protection.
Instructions for the management of forests near residential and tourist areas have been developed to improve socio-cultural sustainability. Cultural heritage sites in forests are systematically surveyed in accordance with the objectives of the National Forest Programme (NFP).
In order to avoid any increase in emissions from wood procurement, Metsähallitus uses log floating and railway transport services and improves the optimisation of its transport. In addition, Forestry recommends that its suppliers use state-of-the-art machinery.
The environmental system’s performance and efficiency is monitored through external and internal auditing.
All state-owned forests are PEFC certified. PEFC certification is based on operating methods agreed through national and international cooperation (standards), and supervision by an independent outside party, i.e. regular auditing.