Metsähallitus responsibility programme's focus area Environment includes the following key responsibility themes:
- Safeguarding biodiversity
- Improving eco-efficiency
- Mitigating climate change and preparing for it
- Providing opportunities for sustainable hunting and fishing
- Viable game and fish stocks and managing them
- Acceptability of the sustainable use of wood and other natural resources
- Promoting the generation of wind and other clean energy
- Promoting the good status and sustainable use of state-owned sea and inland water areas
Because nature conservation areas on state-owned land and in water areas represent the full range of habitats found in Finland, they are vital to preserving biodiversity in terms of variety of species and landscape. They form the core of the ecological network, most of which is conserved as close to its pristine natural state as possible.
The various measures undertaken to manage and restore habitats provide support for threatened species and help the environment to regain its natural features, in order to improve the provision of habitats for even highly demanding species.
The biodiversity of multiple-use forests is promoted in various ways, for instance by excluding the habitats considered most valuable in ecological terms from commercial forestry, or using various methods to secure the preservation of species and their potential to prosper.
Metsähallitus hiking destinations provide extensive services free of charge. In every case, service structures are designed to suit the environment and are located in protected areas on sites that cause the least possible harm to natural values. Service structures are created that have a long and advantageous life-cycle. In protected areas, services are organised in order to place as little strain as possible on the environment.
Reduction of office environmental impacts:
- Metsähallitus headquarters Dixi as a pilot project: WWF Green Office environmental certificate (4/19)
Mitigating climate change and preparing for it
Metsähallitus climate programme is underway - the project focuses on four areas:
- The production of renewable raw materials and energy for society's value chains in order to replace and save fossil raw materials;
- The preservation and strengthening of carbon sinks and stores;
- The functionality of ecosystem services on state-owned lands and waters; and
- The saving and replacement of fossil raw materials and energy in Metsähallitus operations.
Providing opportunities for sustainable hunting and fishing and viable game and fish stocks and managing them
Metsähallitus monitors game populations and manages hunting grounds in order to ensure sustainable hunting. Ecologically sustainable licence quotas are defined annually for each area. Natural fish and crayfish populations in state-owned water areas are strengthened through means such as restoration of habitats and the regulation of closed seasons for fishing.
Acceptability of the sustainable use of wood and other natural resources
90% per cent of state-owned multiple-use forests are located in eastern and northern Finland. These forests are certified under the PEFC system. Such certification is based on operating methods agreed in national and international cooperation, and regular supervision by an independent outside party. Certification proves that wood has been procured from sustainably managed forests. Annual monitoring is performed in order to verify the high quality of environmental management on productive forest land sites.
Promoting the generation of wind and other clean energy
Metsähallitus aims to increase renewable energy production in state-owned areas, in order to promote the achievement of climate objectives.
Promoting the good status and sustainable use of state-owned sea and inland water areas
Natural resource planning integrates the various aspirations and objectives related to the use of state-owned land and water areas in a way which ensures that the limits of sustainable use are not exceeded. Planning of this kind is based on diverse information on natural resources. A wide range of regional and local stakeholders contribute to such planning.