Planning based on information on natural resources
Natural resource planning integrates the various aspirations and objectives related to the use of state-owned land and water areas in a way which ensures that the limits of sustainable use are not exceeded.
Planning of this kind is based on diverse information on natural resources. A wide range of regional and local stakeholders contribute to such planning.
Protected areas form the core of the ecological network
Because nature conservation areas on state-owned land and in water areas represent the full range of habitats found in Finland, they are vital to preserving biodiversity in terms of variety of species and landscape. They form the core of the ecological network, most of which is conserved as close to its pristine natural state as possible.
The various measures undertaken to manage and restore habitats provide support for threatened species and help the environment to regain its natural features, in order to improve the provision of habitats for even highly demanding species.
Certified multiple-use forests
90% per cent of state-owned multiple-use forests are located in eastern and northern Finland. These forests are certified under the PEFC system.
Such certification is based on operating methods agreed in national and international cooperation, and regular supervision by an independent outside party. Certification proves that wood has been procured from sustainably managed forests.
The biodiversity of multiple-use forests is promoted in various ways, for instance by excluding the habitats considered most valuable in ecological terms from commercial forestry, or using various methods to secure the preservation of species and their potential to prosper.
Annual monitoring is performed in order to verify the high quality of environmental management on productive forest land sites.
Management and supervision ensure sustainable hunting and fishing
Metsähallitus monitors game populations and manages hunting grounds in order to ensure sustainable hunting. Ecologically sustainable licence quotas are defined annually for each area.
Natural fish and crayfish populations in state-owned water areas are strengthened through means such as restoration of habitats and the regulation of closed seasons for fishing.
Services created with consideration for nature
Metsähallitus hiking destinations provide extensive services free of charge. In every case, service structures are designed to suit the environment and are located in protected areas on sites that cause the least possible harm to natural values.
Service structures are created that have a long and advantageous life-cycle. In protected areas, services are organised in order to place as little strain as possible on the environment.
Promoting the use of sustainable energy
Metsähallitus aims to increase renewable energy production in state-owned areas, in order to promote the achievement of climate objectives in line with the Climate and Energy Strategy adopted by the Finnish Government on 6 November 2008.