The Finnish state about a third of Finland’s forests. State-owned forests are concentrated in Eastern and Northern Finland, and their management is entrusted to Metsähallitus.
Finnish forests are dominated by coniferous tree species. Two thirds of state forests are pure pine stands, one fifth mixed pine stands, with smaller proportions of spruce and birch stands. In silviculture, mixed stands and broadleaved trees are favoured whenever possible on the site.
On average, state lands are more barren than those of other forest owners. The state also has more poorly productive forests, scrub and waste lands, where no timber is harvested. Most of the commercial forests are young thinning stands, providing pulpwood for pulp and paper mills as well as biomass for thermal power plants. The next largest category is seedling stands, followed by advanced thinning stands that already produce logs for sawmills.